Associate Professor and Head of the Faculty of Geography and Natural Sciences of Karachay-Cherkessia State University
Environmental Monitoring in Mountainous Areas With Regard to the Concept of Sustainable Development in Karachay-Cherkessia
The existing social-environmental and economic situation in Karachay-Cherkessia may be resolved proceeding from the principles of sustainable development. A systems monitoring has been organized within the framework of this approach. By systems monitoring, we also mean observations of changes in biotic and abiotic parameters, which take place in the environment under natural and anthropogenic impacts; forecasting the state of environmental systems under various impacts; assessing the present and future states of environmental systems for purposes of regional management; and so on.
The social-environmental situation elucidated by monitoring data may help create a mechanism that would ensure rational nature use and would restore environmental balance in Karachay-Cherkessia.
The complex assessment of current social-environmental tendencies underlies the elaboration of the concept of sustainable development, some theses of which are formulated below.
- Nature use in the mountainous areas of the North Caucasus, which ensures comfortable life on lower territories in an integral hydrographic network, should be performed with account for the ability of ecosystems to preserve and reproduce independently their biological and landscape diversity. Note that social-environmental functions of ecosystems and the value of environmental functions, as well as the values of landscape resources and cultural legacy, should be appreciated with a much greater emphasis than industrial and economic functions.
- In exploiting catchment basins, it is inadmissible to use a management system that disturbs water balance in rivers.
- It is necessary to fulfill control functions in using the littoral and shore zones of the hydrographic network.