Professor, Tver State University
The Role of Natural Uniqueness in Sustainable Development of the Region (With Particular References to the Tver Region)
Tver land is covered by a mosaic of private parks that are the extensive estates on the Tver region rivers’ banks and lakes.
All subjects of the Russian Federation are responsible for the environment conditions of their neighbors. But we should not rely on a conscious and voluntary self-limitation of exploitation and pollution of nature at the expense of socio-economic development of “own” region for the sake of “foreign”. Relationships of the regions in this area should be governed by federal law for all regions without exception, and especially - for those that have outstanding environmental and the ecological value.
Tver region is located on the top of the main watershed of the Russian plain, gives rise to the great Volga River, Western Dvina, Dnieper and the Neva River, and is the main source of water supply in Moscow. Now it is transformed from a natural donor of drinking water to the distributor of sewage. You should not be an economist or ecologist to understand the simple truth: the sources of the rivers must be carefully guarded.
The problem of air pollution is also important. There are no funds for environmental protection. But the forests are cut down in Tver region, the construction of the Kalinin nuclear power plant is continued, and the toll highway Moscow - St. Petersburg is under construction!
The international community recognized and no one denies the need of biodiversity conservation as a basis of ecological balance. Russian Eurasian natural massif is the world’s largest stabilizer of the biosphere. Near the huge Moscow agglomeration, and especially on the windward side, ecosystems should be conserved at the volume of 100%. The whole region should become a reserve.
Protected areas cover about 14% of the Tver region, and potentially could form its ecological framework. As the capacity of professionals in the biodiversity conservation Red Book of the Tver region is written.